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Most Popular & Common Industrial Application Software Scripting

If-Then-Else Statements

VBA Visual Basic for Applications VBA is a powerful scripting tool that is fully integrated into many industrial SCADA and supporting applications to let you quickly and easily automate operator tasks and create automation solutions. VBA scripts can be as simple or complex as you need them to be, allowing you to add custom functionality and extend your SCADA software as needed to accommodate your automation strategy. Its powerful and easy-to-use development environment allows you to reuse existing Visual Basic code.
VBA is an implementation of Microsoft's event-driven programming language Visual Basic 6, which was declared legacy in 2008, and its associated integrated development environment (IDE). Although pre-.NET Visual Basic is no longer supported or updated by Microsoft, the VBA programming language was upgraded in 2010 with the introduction of Visual Basic for Applications 7 in Microsoft Office applications and it is still popular in industrial applications and customizations.

We can use the If-Then-Else statement to run a specific statement or a block of statements, depending on the value of a condition.  If-Then-Else statements can be nested to as many levels as you need.

TIP: However, for readability, you should use Select Case statement rather than multiple levels of nested If...Then...Else statements.

Examples: IF-THEN-ELSE Statements


IF-THEN-ELSE Statements : if a Condition is True


Use it when only one condition is True, you can use the single-line syntax of the IF-THEN-ELSE statement.

This following example shows the single-line syntax, omitting the Else:

Sub myDate()
    myDate = #1/1/99#
    If myDate < Now Then myDate = Now
End Sub
 To run more than one line of code, you must use the multiple-line syntax. 
This syntax includes the End If statement, as shown in the following example:
Sub AlertUser(value as Long)
   IF value = 0 THEN
        Msgbox “Hello Automation Guru”
        ValveOutput = 43
        Pump3 = True
    END IF
End Sub


IF-THEN-ELSE Statements : if a Condition is True and Running Others if It's False


You can use an IF-THEN-ELSE statement to define two blocks of executable statements:

one block runs if the condition is True,

the 2nd block runs if the condition is False.


Sub AlertUser(value as Long)
    If value = 1 Then
        Valve1Output = 43
        Pump3 = True
        SystemDown = 1
        SetAlarm21 = True
    End If
End Sub


IF-THEN-ELSE Statements : Use a Second Condition if the First Condition is False


You can add ElseIf statements to an IF-THEN-ELSE statement to test a second condition if the first condition is False.

For example, the following function procedure computes a damper output based on off set.

The statement following the Else statement runs if the conditions in all of the If and ElseIf statements are False.

Function UpdateValve(RealValue, offSet)
   If performance = 1 Then
        RealValue = offSet * 0.1
    ElseIf performance = 2 Then
        RealValue = offSet * 0.09
    ElseIf performance = 3 Then
        RealValue = offSet * 0.07
        RealValue = 0
    End If
End Function

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